Tuesday, 23 Jul 2024

How Football Stadiums Generate Revenue

Football stadiums are not just venues for hosting matches; they are also key contributors to a club’s financial income. In this article, we will explore the various ways in which football stadiums make money and go beyond ticket sales.

Ticket Sales: An Integral Part of Revenue

Ticket sales do play a part in a football club’s income. For instance, if Manchester United charged only £20 for every ticket sold at Old Trafford, they would bring in over £1.5 million for a sold-out match. However, the revenue generated from ticket sales is not pure profit. Clubs need to cover expenses such as security personnel, workers, and more. Moreover, ticket sales are just one aspect of a stadium’s revenue stream.

Hospitality Tickets: A Lucrative Income Source

Selling hospitality tickets has become a significant revenue stream for football clubs. These tickets are part of the overall ticket sales revenue. Liverpool Football Club, for example, doubled its hospitality seats when it opened the new Main Stand. With prices starting at £2,900 for the 2016-2017 season, it becomes clear why this is a profitable venture. Different clubs charge varying amounts for their hospitality packages, with London-based clubs commanding higher prices compared to their northern counterparts.

Private Hire: Extending Revenue Beyond Match Days

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Football clubs offer their executive suites and lounges for private hire on non-match days. Businesses can rent these spaces for meetings, conferences, events, and even medical exams. Some clubs even allow fans to get married at the stadium or organize unique events like “Play On The Pitch” days. While these activities might not generate a significant amount of income, they provide an additional revenue stream for the club.

Concerts & Other Events: Diversifying Revenue Sources

Many football stadiums are also used for external events such as concerts, bringing in additional income. While these events are not solely for the benefit of the football clubs, they allow teams to earn a share of the profits. For example, Sunderland’s Stadium of Light earned around £2 million when hosting Take That concerts in 2011. The versatility of stadiums also makes them suitable for other sports, such as rugby and athletics, further boosting their revenue potential.

Naming Rights: Sponsorship for Increased Revenue

Football stadiums are often sponsored by companies in exchange for naming rights. This practice has become prevalent as clubs realize the financial benefits of aligning their brand with globally recognized sponsors. Emirates Airline, for example, secured naming rights for Arsenal’s new stadium in a deal worth £100 million over fifteen years. These sponsorship deals are not unique to football, as seen with the AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas.

Food & Drink Sales: Small Yet Consistent Income

Food and drink sales during match days contribute a small but consistent income for football clubs. These sales, often bundled with programs, pies, and beverages, allow clubs to generate a decent profit margin. The prices for food and drink vary among clubs, with London-based teams generally charging more than their counterparts elsewhere. However, some fans prefer to spend their money with vendors outside the stadium due to the higher prices within the grounds.

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Museums & Tours: Expanding Revenue Streams

Many top-flight football clubs offer stadium tours and operate museums, allowing fans to explore their illustrious history. These tours come at a cost, with prices ranging from £8 to £15 per person. The museums attached to stadiums also charge an entrance fee, providing clubs with another revenue stream. While not major contributors to the overall income, these offerings demonstrate a club’s commitment to maximizing revenue from their stadiums.


Football stadiums have evolved into multi-purpose venues, providing clubs with diverse ways to generate revenue. While the revenue streams mentioned here are not exhaustive, they represent the primary sources of income for most football clubs. It’s essential to note that larger clubs find it easier to monetize their stadiums compared to lower league sides. Smaller clubs face challenges due to limited capacity and resources, making it harder to sustain their finances. Nonetheless, football stadiums remain vital assets for clubs, contributing significantly to their overall financial success.